Churches of Christ have their origins in what is commonly referred to as the “Restoration Movement” of the 1800’s. The movement’s name comes from its goal of “restoring New Testament christianity” or “restoring the New Testament church”. The pioneers of the movement were reacting to the excesses they witnessed in existing denominations. Their solution was to begin anew by returning to Scripture and following the pattern they found there, rejecting subsequent human innovations.
This blog post from 2009 still reflects some of my reservations about this goal of restoration. Since I’ve written them there, I won’t write them here.
Part of my reluctance to embrace the goal of restoration stems from the image it paints for me of a museum. I picture the church as an antique on display, or as Colonial Williamsburg, or Port Arthur. It becomes a reminder of how things used to be. These sites teach valuable lessons. Mostly they teach us to be thankful we didn’t live back then. They’re interesting to visit, but no one wants to live there.
Perhaps you’ve experienced a church like that. It has restored everything from the first century beautifully. It worships precisely in the approved manner and is ruled by correctly authorised men. It’s an interesting place to visit, but not a place you’d want to live.
Then it occurred to me… or maybe I read it in a book or heard it somewhere…
There are several examples in the Bible where Jesus, the apostles, or a prophet restore life to someone. That last phrase caught my attention, “restore life to someone“. Without dismissing the need to worship God in ways meaningful to Him, or to have godly church leaders, the power of the early church was not in its forms and structures. The power of the first Christians became evident when the Holy Spirit infused them with new life that they shared with others.
Jesus restored life to people in numerous ways.
At times Jesus literally raised the dead. He also touched the quarantined. He healed the sick. He ate with the outcasts. He welcomed the isolated. He gave hope to the hopeless. He loved everyone.
For God did not appoint us to suffer wrath but to receive salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ. He died for us so that, whether we are awake or asleep, we may live together with him. 1 Thessalonians 5:9-10
Jesus ultimately died to give us the gift of new life. He rose from the grave to defeat death and give us the hope of eternal life.
I’m proud to be part of a Jesus movement with the goal of restoring life to those who hurt and live without hope or purpose.
I don’t live to argue over pews vs chairs, instruments vs a cappella, one communion cup vs many, or hymns vs contemporary music styles. Those conversations have a place. I live to receive and then to give life.
The biblical story begins and ends with a Tree of Life. Jesus described himself as the Bread of Life while offering Living Water to those with a thirst.
May we each choose to be life givers and speakers.
Matt Dabbs wrote a valuable article with a similar theme HERE. Here’s a snippet, “We can have churches that haven’t converted a single non-Christian for years, decades, and yet their failing on Jesus’ very obvious command to go and make disciples somehow doesn’t disqualify them from being the true church.“
The final article in our Summer Blog Tour is written by Scott Johnson as he describes what it means for his church transition from a sedentary faith to an Unshackled Faith. I hope this story encourages you that transformation is possible. God still works when we take the risk to live with our Faith Unshackled.
Change is terrifying. Whether its work, school, marriage, or grocery store layouts, change is never fun. When our congregation at Crosspointe Church of Christ faced the fact that we were a hospice church, a church on life support, and we had to move. Fast. Over 10 years our attendance had decreased by two-thirds.
Through a long, agonizing series of events, we begin to seek God’s direction. Where did He want us to move next? We had several congregational meetings that only gave us confirmation that things were bad. We either had to seek out a resurrection or pull the plug. There were no other options. Change had to come.
We had less than a month before we had a final meeting with the entire church to reveal what was next. Taking the church off life support was not an option. So we were relaunching. We were moving to a new mission. I was asked to craft it. I was hopeless. So I sat down to write.
I remember sitting at my kitchen table one night. I couldn’t think. I couldn’t pray. I was beyond frustrated and angry. As I watched the laptop cursor blink, as I stared into the white screen, I gave up. I quit. I stopped. I walked out.
I went out onto the back porch and looked at the sky and begin talking to God. I told Him how tired I was. I told Him how discouraged and angry I had become. I told Him that I was sick of it. I told him I quit. And then I told Him that if He had any ideas, I’d love to know them.
And then I hit a watershed moment in my life. I said, “God, you’ve got to show up or Crosspointe isn’t going to make it. She’s your body. You created her. You know what you have in store for us. We give up. I give up. Please, give me your vision.”
I stood there in the silence for a while. And then it happened. God put something into my heart and brain that ignited a fire in my bones.
He brought this Scripture to mind:
“I will restore to you the year that the swarming locust has eaten…” (Joel 2:25a, ESV)
What God brought forth that night has completely re-forged Crosspointe. Sunday we had our first progress meeting since the relaunch one year ago. In that year I’ve seen our members step out in ways I never dreamed possible. I’ve seen more generosity, kindness, and boldness than I ever thought we’d muster. You can follow what this has looked like in the daily life of Crosspointe on my blog https://oldesoultheology.com/.
The years eaten away by the destroyer…have slowly begun to be restored.
God’s people at Crosspointe had the audacity to trust in the God who breathed out the stars… and step out onto the waves. We’re not there yet, but exercising our faith has grown it exponentially.
“We’re trusting, Lord. We know you’ll deliver us. We believe, but help our unbelief.”
Wherever you find yourself in your walk with God, ask the question: What is holding me back from completely trusting Him? What’s my obstacle? And then pray…and kick it right down. Faith is the victory that overcomes the world.
Scott has been on both sides of the fence: life without Jesus and life with Jesus. He wouldn’t go back for anything. As a former drug addict, he has a passion for sharing Jesus with the world. He graduated from Ohio Valley University in 2007 with a Bachelor’s Degree in Biblical Texts. He has been in full-time ministry since 2007 and served two churches in that time. Scott is the Senior Minister at Crosspointe Church of Christ in Franklin, Ohio. He resides in Middletown, Ohio with his wife and their two children. He loves to play guitar, drink coffee, help people, and enjoy his family.
I’ve been preaching through Ephesians and stressing a movement in the letter between chapters 3 & 4. In the first three chapters Paul dwells on the believers understanding of God. He describes God. He describes God’s vision for the church. He reminds the disciples what God, through Christ, has done for them.
In chapter 4 the letter transitions to discussing more practical issues for the church to implement. In the first part of the chapter the emphasis is on unity: one body, one Spirit, one hope, one lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father. But unity doesn’t mean uniformity and the chapter moves to describing differences among members of the body.
Verse 11 contains a list of apparent roles or positions within the church:
- Pastors; and
We need to clearly grasp that this verse doesn’t describe a career path. Too often I feel there’s an expectation that people work their way up this ladder and that becoming an elder or deacon is a perk of congregational longevity. Rather, Paul here outlines the functions the early church needed to become mature. The gifts and roles listed here are not comprehensive and all served a function in equipping the church and promoting unity and peace.
Apostles were witnesses to the resurrection: since the resurrection is the foundation of the church, the testimony of those who had seen the risen Jesus was the first Christian preaching. Early Christian prophets spoke in the name of the Lord, guiding and directing the church especially in the time before the New Testament was written. Evangelists announced to the surprised world that the crucified Jesus was risen from the dead, and was both Israel’s Messiah and the world’s true Lord. Pastors looked after the young churches ; teachers developed and trained the understanding of the first churches.
N.T. Wright, Paul for Everyone: The Prison Letters (2004, p49)
The images of unity in Ephesians 4 explain why at Lawson Rd we make a big deal when people place membership in the local congregation. It’s exciting when people respond to the calling of Christ in baptism and a commitment to live for God, but Scripture consistently describes new converts participating in local congregations committed to each other. It’s possible that God’s given someone the gift of teaching described here, but when people don’t commit to the other Christians they worship with, they leave uncertainty about their commitment to unity.
Or on the other side, placing membership in a local church lets the elders, deacons, pastors and teachers know the person wants to be equipped by them. It’s difficult to challenge people to grow in Godly maturity when the leaders don’t know clearly who they’re leading. In 1 Peter 5:2 elders are told, “Be shepherds of God’s flock that is under your care, watching over them…” Who is the flock under their care? It’s not defined, but membership is way of knowing whether a person is under the care of Lawson Rd elders, or leaders at another local congregation.
While there’s nothing specific in this passage distinguishing between the local church and the universal church, we need to remember that this letter is written to a local congregation, so the teaching it contains is to be applied in that context unless otherwise noted. The call for unity applies to the Ephesian church and the various tensions they experience to divide. The spiritual gifts and leadership roles listed here apply to the local church. Life as a Christian is not about having the right birth certificate, being baptised in the right way, at the right place or by the right person. It’s about living as healthy part of the body of Christ.
While some church leaders (such as Paul) traveled from congregation to congregation, in general, the leaders at one congregation did not have responsibility for the Godly growth of another congregation. Their task of equipping God’s people for works of service relates to those who are part of that church family.
My last blog post asked, “Who benefits from your faith?” or “Who were you saved for?” This week the text builds on that thought. God has gifted you for the work of equipping others so that the unified body of Christ may be built up. Are you exercising your gifts and talents for the benefit of others?
– The True God who inhabits sacred space
is a father to the fatherless, a defender of widows.
He makes a home for those who are alone.
He frees the prisoners and leads them to prosper.
Yet those who rebel against Him live in the barren land without His blessings and prosperity. Psalm 68:5-6 (VOICE)
I’ve been preaching a series of sermons seeking to identify the heart of God. Who is God at his core? What are the values God holds most dearly?
In Psalm 68:5 God identifies himself as “Father to the fatherless”. The name “Father” is often attributed to God throughout Scripture. While it’s true that he is the Father, or Originator, of all humanity, God makes the point that the name is more than a description of origin. He is Father because it’s a role he willfully adopts.
Throughout history children are a footnote. They hold no power or influence. Those without parents have no natural defenders. Those without fathers struggle to find the provisions needed for life. Yet God describes Himself as “Father to the fatherless”. Father to the weakest, to the marginal, to the overlooked and under loved. God is Father.
All followers of Christ should attest to the goodness of God our Father. All of us were fatherless before Christ signed the adoption papers with his blood, called us his brothers (Hebrews 2:11), and through the Holy Spirit welcomed us into the family of God.
If the Spirit of God is leading you, then take comfort in knowing you are His children. You see, you have not received a spirit that returns you to slavery, so you have nothing to fear. The Spirit you have received adopts you and welcomes you into God’s own family. That’s why we call out to Him, “Abba! Father!” as we would address a loving daddy. Romans 8:14-15 (VOICE)
How close is fatherhood and adoption to God’s heart? According to James 1:27 “Real, true religion from God the Father’s perspective is about caring for the orphans and widows who suffer needlessly and resisting the evil influence of the world.” So how does the church reflect this aspect of our God?
Here’s a list I’ve compiled a short list of children’s homes and family services affiliated with various Churches of Christ both in the US and around the world. And the good news if you want to practice “Real, true religion…” is that they all accept donations! You can read a good overview of Church of Christ children’s homes HERE. (You can find a longer list HERE, but I have not verified the links.)
Children’s Homes in the US
- Alabama – Cullman: Childhaven
- Colorado – Longmont: Mountain States Children’s Home
- Florida – Mount Dora: Mount Dora Children’s Home
- Georgia – Valdosta: Raintree Village
- Indiana – Valparaiso: Shults-Lewis Child & Family Services
- Kentucky – Bowling Green: Potter Children’s Home
- Louisiana – Bossier City: Bossier KIDS
- New Mexico
- New York – Long Island: Timothy Hill Children’s Ranch
- Ohio – Pleasant Plain: Mid-Western Children’s Home
- South Carolina – Duncan: Southeastern Children’s Home
- Tennessee – Spring Hill (also other locations) – Tennessee Children’s Home
Adoption & Foster Care Agencies Supported by Churches of Christ
International Child Sponsorship and Orphanages
- Christian Relief Fund
- Hope for Haiti’s Children
- Orphan’s Lifeline
- Tanzania – Neema House
- Zambia – Kerin’s Kids
This list isn’t close to exhaustive, but indicative of the variety of ways Churches of Christ seek to serve God by loving the fatherless.
Shortly after encountering members of the Church of Christ I was introduced to the sound of silence. Specifically, I met the silence of Ephesians 5:19 and Colossians 3:16. I was informed that because these verses don’t mention musical instruments Christians are not authorised to include instruments in their corporate worship. We know this because someone determined that silence in Scripture is prohibitive.
While I’ve spent most of the last 20 years worshiping without instrumental accompaniment, I’ve never found silence to be a very good teacher. Arguments over how we should interpret silence seem largely ironic.
I have come to appreciate the words found in these verses and their implications for the worship of the church. Today, I’ll focus on Ephesians 5:18-20.
As I spent time in these passages I first observed that both passages describe worship to God motivated by gratitude. “Sing… always giving thanks to God the Father for everything…“. How would our worship practices and experiences change if we committed to “start with gratitude“? I believe focusing on thanksgiving would help us avoid the consumeristic mindset of approaching worship with questions such as, “How does it make me feel?” “How does it benefit me?”
The next discovery I made was that my worship isn’t only directed toward God. I don’t know the percentage distribution, but verse 19 tells us that we “speak to one another” with our songs while singing to the Lord. I’ve previously expanded on this point in this blog post.
Most recently in reading A Gathered People I realized that these three verses in Ephesians make an audacious claim concerning the church’s worship. I’ve written previously about the special presence of God when the church assembles to worship. I now feel like I have a greater appreciation for what this means.
Don’t be drunk with wine, because that will ruin your life. Instead, be filled with the Holy Spirit, singing psalms and hymns and spiritual songs among yourselves, and making music to the Lord in your hearts. And give thanks for everything to God the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. (Eph. 5:18-20 NLT)
According to Ephesians 5:18-20, we come to worship filled with the Holy Spirit. We sing to Jesus our Lord. We give thanks to the Father through Jesus. The whole Godhead of Father, Son and Holy Spirit, is present and involved in our worship each Sunday morning.
Worshiping God with my church family isn’t a Sunday routine or obligation I roll out of bed each week to fulfill. When the church assembles each Sunday morning God in three persons pervades the room, filling all the spaces within and around his people. We gather with God’s people not only to offer worship to God-up-there, but to experience the presence of God-among-us.
God’s presence doesn’t overwhelm us. His presence among us isn’t confirmed by fire, smoke, or a brilliant light. His presence doesn’t begin when the song leader steps to the mic.
No, we bring God’s presence with us as we live Spirit-filled lives that include times of corporate worship. We experience God’s presence in worship as His people encourage us, as our songs speak to us, as Christ serves us at His table, and as His Word challenges and soothes us.
For these reasons I find the words of Ephesians 5:18-20 far more compelling than the silence of those verses. What a tragedy we experience when we allow debates over silence to drown out the wonderful teachings of the words!
Why do you come to worship God with your church family each week? There are many possible answers, but I hope that one of your reasons is to experience the wholeness of God: Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
And having worshiped the Three, May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.
In Paul’s letter to the Colossian church he places Christ front and center throughout the letter. We can learn a lot from this.
I really loved preaching this chapter and I’m really appreciating the Christ focus throughout the book. I find it so easy to get caught up in “emergencies” and “situations” and “discussions” that my natural human problem solving gene kicks in. Paul’s writing to a church that has problems, but he doesn’t problem-solve. He consistently points them back to Jesus.
The verse that really caught my attention as I read through this chapter was v23. Speaking of “human commands and teachings” this is how The Message renders v23:
Such things sound impressive if said in a deep enough voice. They even give the illusion of being pious and humble and ascetic. But they’re just another way of showing off, making yourselves look important.
What a lovely description of human “spiritual” rules.
At this point I’m going to completely take the verse out of it’s historical context of Judaism, paganism and dietary rules. Hopefully I can still remain faithful to the theological point Paul makes.
Our churches generally overflow with man-made “spiritual” rules. Here’s a few I can think of:
- Sunday dress code
- Bible version
- Church name
- Celebrating (or not) Christmas and Easter
- Song styles
- When the collection should be taken during a worship service
- Women are restricted from many roles within the church without a shred of Biblical support.
- Clapping during worship
- How church finances should be spent
- Whether or not a minister can also be an elder
- Who can perform a baptism
Here’s the rub. I actually think man made rules are a good thing.
I’m glad that our children get told to slow down when they run through the church building. I have no desire to visit Sister Perkins in hospital because my daughter crashed into her while traveling at high speed.
I think it’s wise that a church requires new members to attend a special class for new members that discusses the values of the church before they can lead a ministry.
Forbidding adults to be alone in a classroom with children is a good rule to prevent child sex abuse.
BUT we get off track when we start requiring particular man-made rules be observed in order that a person maintain good standing with God.
This brings us to the GREAT DILEMMA. It’s easy to sit back and take cheap shots at churches and their various rules. What’s difficult is to honestly examine our own lives and churches and to distinguish between God-required and man-made obligations. I don’t believe there’s anything wrong with asking those serving communion not to wear shorts, as long as I recognise that it’s a local preference not a Divine ordinance. Then having acknowledge that this is a preference, we should willing set the rule aside if circumstances require that someone wearing shorts serve communion. It’s not a big deal… really.
Here are a couple of random thoughts that might help us keep things in perspective:
- Are we more concerned with how we do things or why we do them?
- Do we have a rule against something because it’s unscriptural or because it makes us uncomfortable?
Maybe you get a chuckle out of this post. That’s okay. We’re funny people sometimes. And I believe that all these “rules” are genuine attempts to help people live holy lives and honor God in our worship. But that’s what often makes it so hard to determine if they’re human or Godly. There’s usually a Bible verse to back up every rule! As The Message says, “They sound impressive if said in a deep enough voice.”
So Paul doesn’t get caught up in all this silliness. In the very next verse he lays down this “rule”….
Since, then, you have been raised with Christ, set your hearts on things above…
- My sermon on HARMONY Sunday (20 October, 2013) HERE
- Don McLaughlin “Jesus Teaches the Unclean” (9 March, 2013) HERE
- Dan Rodriguez “Multiracial & Multigenerational Ministry in the 21st Century” (9 March, 2013) HERE
Do you know that only 8% of all churches in the United States meet the definition of multi-racial churches? THAT’S EIGHT PERCENT!! (Yes, I’m shouting that in shock and horror.) I’m blessed to serve one of those 8% but we need to keep reminding ourselves of the value of our racial makeup. It’s far too easy to take our racial harmony for granted.
DEFINITION: According to George Yancey a multiracial church is defined as “a church in which no one racial group makes up more than 80% of the attendees.
Racial harmony is not the Gospel of Jesus. Racial harmony is a powerful response and witness to the Gospel of Jesus and the power of God.
On Sunday our church celebrated it’s 4th Annual “HARMONY Sunday”. This special day celebrates God’s work not just in bringing two racial groups together 20 years ago, but on keeping them together for 20 years. Today our church consists not only of Anglo & African-Americans, but some Hispanics, and several other nationalities. We have members raised near the Gulf of Mexico, and others in the Dakotas. Undoubtedly, the Holy Spirit is the glue that keeps us together.
Our church forms part of the Restoration Movement. This group of churches has spent the past 200+ years calling the broader Christian community back to the forms and teachings of the first century church as described in the New Testament. This mission has been carried out more successfully in some areas than in others.
One aspect of the earliest church that the restoration movement has given little acknowledgement is the area of race relations. The pages of the New Testament are filled with examples and teaching relevant to Jew and Gentile relationships, but little application has been made to contemporary racial tensions. Churches of Christ are still as segregated as any other denominations in the United States.
I love God’s vision of his church as described by John in Revelation 7:9,
I looked, and there before me was a great multitude that no one could count, from every nation, tribe, people and language, standing before the throne and before the Lamb. They were wearing white robes and were holding palm branches in their hands.
God’s kingdom is multi-national, multi-racial, multi-ethnic, and multi-lingual. That crowd at the throne of the Lamb is our goal and destination, and there’s only one building. (See also Rev. 5:9-10 and 14:6) If it’s Jesus prayer, and it is, that “God’s will be done on earth as in heaven” then this vision of God’s throne, must be part of our vision for God’s church.
One of the problems churches encounter is that our vision for the church is too one-dimensional. We focus on doctrine over practice. Where we do focus on practice we often limit it to corporate worship. It’s interesting that throughout Revelation the throne scenes don’t describe a liturgy (order of worship), but they take considerable time to describe those present and worshiping.
That the church in eternity appears as a unified body should not describe those of us who’ve studied the first century church. Acts 2 describes how the crowd on the Day of Pentecost, which became the first church, consisted of at least 15 language groups. Although they held Judaism as a commonality, one can only imagine various cultural customs and values this crowd brought with it from across the Roman Empire. It’s no surprise that one of the first church arguments involved the distinct cultural groups of the Hellenistic and Hebraic Jews. But they didn’t split!! They didn’t form distinct Hebraic and Hellenistic churches. That came years later. Rather, they worked to find a solution to the issues at hand.
God’s vision for a racially inclusive kingdom and therefore a racially unified church is found throughout the Bible. Here’s a just a few passages to consider:
- Genesis 12:3 All peoples on earth will be blessed through you. [A messianic promise made to Abraham]
- Psalm 67:2 May your salvation [be known] among all nations.
- Isaiah 56:6-7 My house will be called a house of prayer for all nations.
- Matthew 28:19 Go and make disciples of all nations.
- John 3:16 God loved the world so much…
- Acts 11:17 If God gave them the same gift he gave us… who was I to think that I could stand in God’s way? [The apostle Peter after baptising the Roman, Cornelius]
- Galatians 3:8 Scripture foresaw that God would justify the Gentiles by faith…
- Revelation 7:9 I saw a great multitude that no one could count, from every nation, tribe, people and language…
Perhaps the greatest challenge most churches face is overcoming indifference with intentionality. Most churches I’ve visited will say “Blacks, Whites, Indians, Chinese, Hispanics… Anyone’s welcome here.” But this is a very passive statement. What most of these churches don’t realise is that they’re really saying, “Any Black, White… person that comes here and fits into our existing culture is welcome here.”
Hispanics may be welcome, but we’re not printing anything in Spanish anticipating their arrival. African-Americans may be welcome here, but we’re not learning any Gospel songs or celebrating Martin Luther King Day. Chinese Christians may be welcome here, but we have no clue when Chinese New Year is, and little interest in learning much about it.
If existing churches are to represent the kingdom of God as seen at the throne of the Lamb they must learn to be become aware of different cultures and cater to them. We must admit that our way of doing things is not the only way of doing things, even if it’s the way that makes us most comfortable.
WE MUST BE INTENTIONAL.
What does intentional look like? Mark DeYmaz describes how in the early days of Mosaic Church in Little Rock they were starting to attract Hispanics. They began printing their church bulletins in Spanish as well as English. One week a well-meaning volunteer separated the different language bulletins to different sides of the entrance. Yes, this is only a small thing but DeYmaz notes, “Think about it: two separate tables, two separate groups.” That’s intentionality.
I love that as chapter 21 of Revelation (v1-5) describes God consummating his relationship with redeemed humanity, there are no longer any nations, races, people groups or languages. Rather, God’s dwelling place is simply “among is people” and “They will be his people, and God himself will be their God.” The only distinction among people are those with God in his dwelling place and those outside his city who rejected the forgiveness he offered.
Now there’s a vision for the church.
There’s probably a gazillion different articles, blogs, definitions, sermons, books, tracts, etc. on paper and on the web related to the topic of worship. This article is my attempt to distill the discussion to the old and ever reliable 3 points.
This post summarises the thoughts on worship I expressed over the course a recent sermon series.
Worship is All About God
At its very core worship must be God-centred. Logically, a worship service that doesn’t involve God should adopt a different name. We worship God simply because of who He his. When we reflect on his grandeur, holiness, compassion, justice, grace, love… we can either respond in fear or worship. Christians choose to respond in worship.
We also worship God for numerous other reasons including thankfulness, and at the other extreme lament. A quick survey of Psalms demonstrates both the God focus and the diversity of motives. On one hand we thank God for his intervention in our lives, and on the other we seek his presence. Both extremes can lead to worship and although they arise from our experiences, they can still maintain a God focus.
Worship is Also About Me
In our consumer culture there’s a risk to highlighting this point, but notice that I didn’t say “it’s ALL about me”. (Click HERE for a lighthearted example of the risk.) In musical terms when the music and lyrics don’t match we experience dissonance. For instance, the song “He Bore It All” (#351 in Songs of Faith & Praise) contains the bounciest rendition of the phrase “My precious Saviour suffered pain and agony” that I can imagine. While I rejoice at Christ’s sacrifice for my forgiveness, I don’t rejoice at his suffering. That dissonance makes it hard to worship because I can’t decide what’s an appropriate thought to have as I sing.
Worship dissonance can equally arise from songs with obscure words, Easter decorations in a lament service, communion commentary that clashes with the sermon, a young preacher using illustrations older members don’t understand, or styles of music that are foreign to particular segments of the congregation. Sometimes these can clashes can be corrected, but in other instances they just reflect the diversity of the church.
The point of discussing dissonance is to say that if any individual perpetually fails to find meaning with the worship forms of the church, it’s hard to worship. If singing hymns only reminds someone of school choir and the style doesn’t sound celebratory to them, then is it possible for them to truly express their hearts to God in song? If contemporary songs just sound repetitive and entertaining to someone else then is it possible for them to express their hearts to God in song?
If the prayers led during each worship service are predominantly formulaic, the task of worship may have been observed, but did it really bring people closer to God? It’s true that many church rituals, such as the Lord’s Supper, are an acquired taste for many newcomers as they learn to find significance in these worship elements. However churches need to watch that they don’t become too rigid in their worship forms and thus exclude some people from worship.
In order to offer God meaningful worship the forms we use must allow people to express their hearts or else it becomes an empty ritual.
Worship is Also About Others
Paul’s prayer in Ephesians 3 contains all three of these elements. He is obviously approaching God and he praises God profusely. The prayer clearly expresses his heart. He’s not just reciting a formula. Finally, he prays on behalf of the believers in Ephesus.
Other ways we involve others in our corporate worship obviously include the various moments of teaching (sermon, Lord’s Supper). Also, we generally select particular Scripture readings based upon the response we’re seeking from the congregation. Then we’re reminded in Ephesians 5:19 and Colossians 3:16 that we speak to each other through singing while still offering our songs to God.
Whenever the corporate worship of the church veers too far toward one of these poles our worship loses its full significance. Yes, it’s possible for our times of assembled worship to be too God focused neglecting the hearts of those worshiping. It’s definitely possible for us to view times of worship only through my needs, my feelings, and my thoughts. In those moments we demand God to respond to our wishes and we overlook the needs of those around us. At other times we can also get so caught up in the emotions and preferences of people that we forget to consider what’s meaningful worship in God’s eyes. Holistic worship recognises these tensions and works to include each person. It’s a challenging task.
- Do you agree with the premise that the church’s assembled worship should consider each of these people/groups?
- Do you think one of these is easier to corrupt than the others?
- What forms of congregational worship best allow you to express your heart to God?
When the church assembles to worship God’s presence arrives in a unique way. This flies in the face of all those who claim they don’t need the church to have a relationship with God.
In A Gathered People (p131) the authors make the point concerning Psalm 50:5 that “God calls his people together – for them to gather (sunagein in the LXX, thus “synagogue”). The [Greek] term … is used to describe assemblies which draw near to God to enjoy the divine presence.” God wants to synagogue, gather, with his people.
The immediate objection that comes to my mind is to ask, “If I have God’s presence, the Holy Spirit, living within me, how can I possibly experience more of God’s presence?”
I certainly believe the Bible teaches the indwelling of the Holy Spirit within individual Christians (Gal. 4:6), but perhaps two verses from 1 Corinthians will clarify this for us.
1 Corinthians 6:18-19 provides the clearest statement that the Holy Spirit resides within us individually. “Do you not know that your bodies are temples of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, whom you have received from God? You are not your own;you were bought at a price. Therefore honor God with your bodies.” I suspect that the idea that our bodies are a temple of the Holy Spirit is the most well-known temple reference in the new covenant.
1 Corinthians 3:16 provides an alternative perspective that the assembled church is God’s temple. “Don’t you know that you yourselves are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit dwells in your midst?” In Greek the words “you” and “yourselves” are both plural and the word “midst” indicates the assembly. Since Paul demonstrates in chapter 6 that he understands the Holy Spirit’s presence within each of us, it seems that his reference to God’s dwelling in the midst of the assembled church indicates a greater presence than we experience alone. (See also Ephesians 2:20-22.)
The references to the temple will also help us understand this concept. At Mount Sinai God gave Israel instructions for building a tabernacle (tent) located in the centre of their camp that functioned as the worship centre for the nation. As the tabernacle was inaugurated, Leviticus 9:23 describes that, “the glory of the Lord appeared to all the people.” We use the Hebrew word Shekinah to refer to this visible presence of God. God’s Shekinah presence appeared again at the inauguration of Solomon’s temple in 2 Chronicles 7:1-3. “The priests could not enter the temple of the Lord because the glory of the Lord filled it.”
On both these occasions the nation of Israel assembled, worshiped God, and experienced his presence at the temple. This imagery should provide a powerful perspective for us as we think about our times of collective worship. The sum of God’s presence is greater than the parts. The assembled church is the dwelling place of God: A place where he reveals his glory. One application of this is found in John 13 where Jesus told his followers, “By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another.” When Christians interact with each other, we demonstrate God to the world.
Hebrews 10:19-25 draws all these themes together very effectively. (As you read this, note that in the Greek this is one sentence. Verse 19 starts a thought that v25 concludes.)
- v19 We enter the Most Holy Place where God’s footstool the ark of the covenant was kept, the location of God’s presence in the Israelite camp/temple.
- v22 We confidently draw near to God. Throughout Hebrews the term “draw near” or “approach” “describes a believer’s approach to the throne of God in worship.” (A Gathered People, p141)
- v25 We meet together because that’s where we enter the Most Holy Place, and we encourage each other.
Finally, although the assembled church invokes God’s presence, it also foreshadows the ultimate gathering of the saints in the presence of God. The church assembled is a taste of the feast God has prepared for us. Look at this wonderful description of assembly and worship found in Hebrews 12:22-24.
But you have come to Mount Zion, to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem. You have come to thousands upon thousands of angels in joyful assembly,to the church of the firstborn, whose names are written in heaven. You have come to God, the Judge of all, to the spirits of the righteous made perfect, to Jesus the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel.
- What are your expectations when you come to worship with the church?
- Do you agree that God’s presence is particularly palpable when the church assembles?
- To what extent do the actions and words of those leading worship influence your experience of God during worship?
The journey of faith begins with our beliefs. We can’t have faith in something we don’t believe exists. We can’t have faith in something we believe is true. We also can’t have faith in something we don’t know.
In 2008 Willow Creek Association published FOLLOW ME based on their REVEAL research project. They were seeking to identify catalysts for spiritual growth. First they identified four stages of spiritual maturity, then they studied what activities, attitudes and values prompted a person to transition from one stage to the next.
Their research highlighted the importance for young Christians to solidify particular foundational beliefs as a catalyst for moving to the next stage of spiritual maturity. But how do we define “foundational spiritual beliefs”? For the purposes of their study the FOLLOW ME team identified four core beliefs critical to a young Christian’s growth:
- Salvation by Grace
- The Trinity
- Personal God
- Authority of the Bible
“Perhaps there is nothing more important to a person’s ultimate conversion to the Christian faith, and even to the pace and depth of their spiritual growth over a lifetime, than to fully understand and accept the implications of these core beliefs. These spiritual fundamentals are as critical to spiritual growth as basic arithmetic is to learning calculus, or the rules of grammar are to writing a thesis. The church provides an essential learning platform for these fundamental beliefs as well as a faith-based environment for a person’s early impressions of Christian life.” (Follow Me, p57)
In Sunday’s sermon I asked how well all of us could explain these ideas. Here’s my effort in 100 words or less:
Salvation by Grace: We cannot make God do anything. We cannot make him love us. We cannot make him bless us. We cannot make him forgive us. Yet he does each of these things for us. Why? Only because he gives us grace. The sooner we realise that we cannot force God to do anything, the happier we will be and the stronger our relationship with him will be. Yes, it requires humility and dependence to accept this, but it’s a fundamental truth about us and God. (Ephesians 2:8)
The Trinity: The Bible teaches that God the Father, Jesus the Son and the Holy Spirit are all God. It also teaches that there is only one God. Centuries ago the church reconciled these statements by concluding that in a mystical way the three persons are at the same time one. There’s no real logical explanation for this. It requires faith. Yet it involves some wonderful implications. Here’s one: God is by definition loving: three persons bound together in love. (John 17:21-23; 1 John 4:16)
Personal God: It’s easy to look at a verse like John 3:16 “God so loves the world” and feel like we get lost in the crowd. We can visit a church and have the same anonymous experience. But one way God connects with us individually is through the Holy Spirit, who lives inside each of us. When we have a hard time expressing our thoughts to God the Holy Spirit helps. Think about it, “God lives within you”. It doesn’t get more personal than that! (Romans 8:26-27; 1 Corinthians 6:19) (This blog also gives a healthy perspective on this issue.)
Authority of the Bible:It’s logically illegitimate to use the Bible to defend the Bible’s authority, but that’s our starting point. The Bible claims to be written by men inspired by the movement of God in their lives. We believe that it accurately describes God’s will for humanity. Since it’s inspired for God, individuals to not have the authority to override or alter it. History affirms the basic facts of the Bible and church history affirms the power of the Bible’s teachings to transform lives. But only faith can affirm the spiritual significance of the events and teachings found in the Bible. (2 Timothy 3:16-17; Rev 22:18-19)
- Any beliefs you would add to the list of foundational beliefs for new Christians? (Remember, they can’t all be foundational.)
- Here’s a broad statement. It’s my impression that Churches of Christ have often emphasised congregational purity over individual growth. Agree or Disagree? (eg. I haven’t seen many (any?) lists like this originating from within Churches of Christ, but I’ve seen plenty on the hallmarks of the “true church”.)