Tagged: violence

What Was Herod Seeking?

Magi Following the StarFear will make you do strange things. It will make you do terrible things.

Fear can make you hurt others. Ultimately, it will hurt you more than anyone else.

Zach Williams has recorded a song titled “Fear Is A Liar”. To date, the official has over 22 million hits. It captures well the destructive nature of fear.

It’s also true that fear functions as a God-given self preservation mechanism. The great quandary which confronts us requires us to discern between real and imagined fears.

As Jesus prepared for his return to heaven at the end of his earthly ministry, he told his disciples, “Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid.” (John 14:27) This promise forms a wonderful bookend to the events of Jesus’ birth.

Jesus was born into an environment filled with fear. His parents had made a long journey to Bethlehem out of obedience, and fear, of the occupying Roman legions. Although Judea experienced relative stability under the rule of Rome and the 33 year reign of Herod, it wasn’t exactly peace as we know it. Many people sought a return to true Jewish independence and purity of worship. While Herod maintained order with an iron hand.

Fear consumed Herod the Great. He was paranoid about protecting his throne. He killed family members. He executed his wife and his brother. He had his sons killed. He believed in eliminating all potential competitors to his power.

Consumed by fear Herod lashed out creating an environment of retribution and fear.

It wasn’t only family. Rebellions and revolts were not unusual during the reign of Herod. His commitment to extinguish these revolts kept him in the good graces of Rome. Like other provincial rulers of the time opposition was met with violence and usually death. By modern standards, Herod was a monster.

Life was cheap when it came to maintaining the peace and the power.

Then Jesus, the Messiah, the King of the Jews, arrived. Herod recognized the threat. He murdered all boys under the age of 2 in the village of Bethlehem.

Jesus was born in this world or fear. Jesus lived in this world of fear. Jesus’ parents fled to Egypt to protect their son’s life.

When we apply the titles of Isaiah 9:6 to Jesus, ‘Prince of Peace’ isn’t just filling in space to provide cadence. Herod had every right to fear Jesus. Jesus was born to become king. Jesus was born not only to replace Herod, but to replace Herod’s environment of fear with and environment of peace. Significantly, in contrast to Herod, Jesus wasn’t ever proposing to maintain peace through violence. He maintains peace through peace.

Thirty-three years later, Herod the Great is long dead. Jesus himself is about to die. But while Herod’s final days were filled with increased paranoia, Jesus could approach death and promise his followers, “Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you.

Fear isn’t dead.

Fear is real, and sometimes it’s healthy.

But fear is often a liar. And when fear festers it fosters hurt and turmoil.

I’m not suggesting that all Jesus followers just need to “think happy thoughts” to solve all our problems. I am suggesting that we need to take seriously Jesus’ mission to bring peace to the world, including to our world.

The apostle Paul explains it this way in Romans 8:14,

For those who are led by the Spirit of God are the children of God. The Spirit you received does not make you slaves, so that you live in fear again; rather, the Spirit you received brought about your adoption to sonship. And by him we cry, “Abba, Father.” The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God’s children.”

May the love and peace of Christ overcome your fears this Christmas and in the year ahead. May you find refuge in the arms of your Father and strength in His Spirit. May you find joy in your adoption as a child of God.

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God: Just and Fair, or Macabre?

Read Exodus 32 here.

I understand that I’m dipping my toe into some awfully deep water.  For this reason I want to give you some other resources also.  These links are to sites where the authors have considered this topic in a lot more detail and depth than I have:

  • Patrick Mead – Tentpegs – this series of articles takes an irregular approach to the topic of “Genocide & Jesus”.
  • A bibliography from about 2004 on “The Bible and Violence” – compiled by Patricia K. Tull a professor at Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary.  (I don’t know anything about her, but hey, it’s a bibliography!)
  • www.TheGospelCoalition.org (a conservative, evangelical, para-church organisation) a blog post here and here, and a series of posts here (four articles under the heading “Book Summary”).

Okay, that was a lot of Googling on my part to find some reputable articles that I hope saves you some time!

I’m writing on this topic because I’ve been preaching on Exodus 34:6-7, where God reveals his character to Moses:

Yahweh!The Lord!

The God of compassion and mercy!

I am slow to anger

and filled with unfailing love and faithfulness.

 I lavish unfailing love to a thousand generations.

I forgive iniquity, rebellion, and sin.

But I do not excuse the guilty.

I lay the sins of the parents upon their children and grandchildren;

the entire family is affected—

even children in the third and fourth generations.”  (NLT)

Generally, this is a cuddly portrayal of God.  I would like this God to tuck me into bed at night.  This OT God isn’t at all offensive or inconsistent with the NT.  But the second half of verse 7 warns of God’s punishment of sin, and sinners.  This description also needs to be read in the context of Exodus 32:28 (just two chapters earlier) where God orders 3,000 people killed for worshiping an idol.  (That’s more than the fatalities in the Twin Tower attacks of 911!)  Then in v29 Moses commends the Levites for killing their friends and family members.

In introducing my own thoughts I firstly need to acknowledge that the acts of violence and even genocide found in the Old Testament are offensive.  In fact, for some people Old Testament violence is THE barrier to hearing the message of Christ.  When we think of “Oh, that nation deserved to be punished”, it doesn’t seem so bad.  But when we think of the terror and suffering thousands of individuals, elderly, women, children, men, experienced at the hand of God, it’s traumatic.  When we put ourselves in the sandals of an ancient villager harvesting grain one moment and fleeing “God’s soldiers” the next, it doesn’t seem so holy.

Presuming we don’t want to abandon the Old Testament, or our relationship with God, here are a few (simplistic?) ideas that you might find useful as you think about this topic.  My suggestions relate specifically to the events of Exodus 32 which is described as punishment of God’s people for making and worshiping an idol.  So some of my points may not generalise to attacks by Israel against other nations.

  • We need to consider, “Why does the New Testament  teach that ‘the wages of sin is death’?”  Read Romans 6:22-23
  • We need to have a really firm understanding of God’s holiness.
  • Is it really unjust if someone doesn’t receive as much grace as another?  Can we argue that we deserve more grace?  Doesn’t that subvert the definition of grace?
  • Part of God’s covenant with Israel is that they would be a holy (pure, sinless) nation.  Read Exodus 19:5-6, 8
  • The first two of the 10 Commandments address idolatry.  God viewed idolatry as a holiness cancer that needed to be removed.  So he did.  Idolatry wasn’t just a sin, it completely undermined the covenant relationship they were in the process of making.
  • Everyone had the opportunity to repent and turn back to God, apparently these 3,000 refused to do so. Read Exodus 32:26  (I think this is the most important point in this story.)
  • The nation of Israel could have been as large as 1 million people at this time.  Even though the idolatry was wide-spread, only 3,000 people were killed.  (Yes, still an incredibly large number but a lot less than 1 million.)  Tens of thousands of people repented.
  • Finally, I think the individualistic nature of our culture makes it difficult for us to relate to the honour-shame society of these ancient times.  If our families have a “black sheep” we generally distance ourselves from that persons thoughts or actions.  In an honour-shame society, the actions of the “black sheep” stain the whole family.  So yes, God does sometimes take a seemingly callous corporate view of families, cities, and nations.  In critiquing this we need to be careful that we don’t arrogantly presume that our individualistic worldview is the right one.  Consider how in Joshua 7 Achan’s sin impacted God’s people Israel and eventually his family unit.  This is a good example of the honour-shame principle.

I’ll stop there.  I hope you find it helpful.  Again, I want to reiterate that there’s a lot more that could be written.  These are just a few ideas to get your theological juices flowing.

If you’re aware of other helpful online resources, please leave a link in the comments below.